Added versatility as use of RSH heavy-duty seals is extended
A multitude of new applications are possible thanks to the extension of the SKF Explorer heavy-duty RSH sealed deep groove ball bearing range.
As a result of the addition of heavy-duty seals to more sizes within the SKF Explorer deep groove ball bearing range (fig. 1), more applications can benefit from this proven seal design. Since the launch of the SKF Explorer high- performance bearing class, more than 4 billion SKF Explorer deep groove ball bearings have been manufactured. The popularity stems from their high quality and performance characterized by:
- high dynamic load-carrying capacity
- lower friction and operating temperature
- long grease life
- low noise and vibration levels.
These characteristics lead to significantly longer bearing service life.
For OEMs this provides greater reliability, or longer calculated life, or offers the possibility of down-sizing. For end-users the benefits are longer trouble-free machine operation and reduced maintenance costs.
SKF has continuously improved the SKF Explorer deep groove ball bearing range since its introduction. Now it is time for a further advance. The latest development is an extension of the size range of bearings that incorporate SKF’s best-in-class RSH sealing solutions.
Sealed SKF Explorer deep groove ball bearings
Sealed deep groove ball bearings are used in a vast array of applications. Crucially, the choice of sealing solution has a direct impact on bearing service life. SKF Explorer deep groove ball bearings are available with a wide range of sealing options to match operating conditions (fig. 2). These are designated:
- -2Z: metallic shields
- -2RZ: non-contact seals
- -2RSL, 2RST: low-friction seals
- -2RS1, -2RSH: contact seals.
As already noted, SKF Explorer sealed deep groove ball bearings comprise a large range, suitable for a wide variety of industrial applications (fig. 3).
Sealing is key – The new RSH seals for larger bearing sizes
Seals play an important role in extending bearing service life. Factors that contribute to longer service life include good sealing efficiency with contaminant exclusion and grease retention.
There is a large demand for equipment able to withstand severe pollution or cleaning constraints. The present SKF RSH sealing solution meets this need for bearing sizes in the 60, 62 and 63 series with a bore of up to 25 mm. Increasingly however, there are requirements for this stronger sealing solution to be available for larger sizes. To respond to this need, SKF has extended the range for bearings equipped with RSH seals up to 60 mm bore in both the 62 and 63 series. This extension of the range is beneficial for a multitude of applications and industries.
So, applications incorporating larger bearing sizes can now benefit from longer maintenance intervals and greater resistance to contaminants thanks to the extension of the RSH seal range to these bearings. The result is bearings that last longer, especially in wet, contaminated or dusty operating conditions, and that need to be replaced less frequently.
The RSH heavy-duty seals replace the RS1 seals currently used. Fig. 4 shows the difference between the two seal designs. The lip of the RS1 seal makes radial contact with the outer diameter of the inner ring. With the RSH seal, the lip of the seal is in contact axially with the inner ring in a groove at the side and incorporates a secondary lip seal that can withstand high-pressure cleaning and prevents water entry. In this seal design, the contact pressure between this seal lip and the seal counterface increases when pressure is applied to the outside of the bearing, while the lip design itself prevents the seal from being pressed into the bearing. In addition, seals have radial slots in the tapered attachment. These provide the contact area between the seal lip and counterface with proper lubrication so enabling the grease to act as a third protection.
Adapting the tried and tested RSH seal for larger bearing sizes did present new challenges for the design of the axial sealing of this dual-lip design. Sealing efficiency is directly linked to contact pressure due to the interference of the lip with the rotating part, the bearing inner ring. Clearly, there must be contact, though friction should remain as low as possible. Fig. 5 shows the impact of axial interference on contact pressure.
Under axial load conditions (fig. 6) the rings of a deep groove ball bearing move relatively to each other. In larger bearing sizes it is possible to have an axial displacement of the rings of around half a millimetre. Consequently, on the load side of the inner ring, this leads to decreasing contact interference. A worst-case scenario is reached when there is no more contact and, therefore, no effective sealing. Also on the opposite side, the contact interference increases and could deform the seal lip to prevent normal working conditions. To maintain effective sealing, it is important that neither situation occurs under operating conditions.
For axial seals, the interference is linked to the manufacturing tolerances of the bearing rings and seals as well as to the axial clearance of the bearing and axial load conditions. In larger bearing sizes, one challenge is that the possible axial clearance of the bearing is being increased, while also increasing manufacturing tolerances (fig. 7).
Impact of anchorage design on seal umbrella effect
Additionally, too much pressure at the anchorage point leads to seal deformation and causes an umbrella effect. An umbrella effect impacts interference adversely. Too little pressure at the anchorage point leads to seal slippage and grease leakage, especially when the outer ring is rotating. SKF has optimized its RSH anchorage to remain in the normal working condition zone. Fig. 8 shows the difference between SKF (left) and other manufacturers’ (right) anchorage designs with an umbrella effect.
Seal material selection
The RSH seal is made from acrylo-nitrile-butadiene rubber that has an operating temperature range from –40 to +100 oC and up to 120 oC for short periods. This material has less sensitivity to ageing. Ageing leads to harder rubber and less lip flexibility that can lead to quicker lip wear and loss of sealing efficiency. In addition the material is tested to be compatible with SKF’s standard lubricants.
In some applications, bearings operate at rather high temperatures. When the machine is stopped and cools down, the air inside the bearing creates a suction effect that could lead to blocking the bearing rotation when restarting, because the contact pressure of the lip against the inner ring recess is too high (fig. 9). For these larger bearing sizes, the RSH seals have optimized vent holes, to eliminate the risk of a vacuum effect caused by low internal pressure – and do so without compromising sealing efficiency. The vent holes keep the pressure from inside and outside the bearing balanced. The vent holes may create an entrance for pollution or an exit for grease. This is where the optimization is important, and SKF has succeeded in optimizing this to a higher degree than competitor designs. Combined with the redesign of the seal groove in the outer ring of the bearing, both of these developments contribute to longer bearing service life.
In conclusion, SKF is making the RSH best-in-class sealing solution available to 15 additional sizes to complement the current 25 within the SKF Explorer deep groove ball bearing range. Customers who use the larger bearing sizes can now achieve cost benefits as the RSH seal helps reduce the frequency and cost of repair, as this seal is optimized for highly contaminated environments. Such improved sealing brings greater reliability to equipment.
Alongside the improved seals, SKF is offering also a large range of available greases that further add to the customization possibilities. This is coupled with the additional benefit of optimized grease filling to avoid grease leakage issues.
The SKF Explorer deep groove ball bearing is a global product that is extremely versatile and can meet the needs of all types of customers. With a standard product, time to market can be shortened and, in operation, maintenance and inventory costs can be reduced. The continual enhancement of the SKF Explorer deep groove ball bearing range through higher-performance sealing solutions that offer better exclusion against contaminants sets new standards for an already premium product.