Jutting into the North Sea on the western edge of the Netherlands is the Maas-vlakte, a massive manmade extension of the Europoort industrial facility and part of the Port of Rotterdam. This windswept promontory is home to a range of industries, including container terminals, distribution centres and chemical producers. At the centre is the Uniper power station.
With an installed generation capacity of 36 gigawatts worldwide, Uniper is one of the world’s largest power generators. The three-square-kilometre plant in the Maasvlakte, opened in 1974, boasts the largest, most efficient and cleanest single-unit coal-fired power station in the world. Its flagship, the Maasvlakte Power Plant 3 (MPP3), began operating in 2016. It uses AO-grade coal (anthracite) and biomass and has a capacity of 1,100 megawatts, serving clients with electricity, heat and gas. It also processes waste streams from chemical companies and delivers steam, cooling water and electricity in return.